Simply defined; a percolator water pipe is a type of glass pipes that has a small extra chamber that is located in the shaft of a water pipe and whose function is to provide additional filtration for a smoother toking experience. Percolators are available in various forms like the helix, tree, pedestal, dome and more recently the fritted disc, honeycomb and honeycomb orb percolators were introduce into the market. Depending on the percolator form that is in use, there may be different levels of diffusion. However, the basic role of the percolator is to provide the additional chamber through which water can be churned to filter the smoke.
The percolator functions by taking advantage of the pressure difference between the top and bottom inlets and outlets. Normally decreased pressure at the outlet end results from the user’s lungs The fluid that is found in the inlet, consisting of the air mixture, vapor and smoke, is directed a water column’s bottom where differences in pressure results in the fluid passing through the water in small pockets known as liquid bubbles after which it rises to the outlet Simply put; these diffusers work to decrease the temperature of the smoke and make it rise evenly through the entire pipe resulting from the simultaneous hitting of the surface by the water bubbles.
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In a nutshell, the water pipe percolator basically serves the purpose of decreasing the temperatures of the combustion vapors and the smoke that go through it. The bubbles’ surfaces directly contact with the water and this causes the temperature difference to trigger a heat exchange between the cool water and the vapor/smoke.
The tree percolator design comes with several small openings as opposed to one large ne. This works well to ensure that a higher number of small bubbles are produced when the smoke is diffused. This happens due to the fact that the smoke’s surface area that comes into contact with the water is increased and thus the heat transfer becomes much more efficient. This also works well to ensure that you get very clean smoke.
The percolator also works very well to trap unwanted components in the water. The substances that are water soluble get into the solution as the water gets into contact with the vapor or smoke and those that are not soluble simply pass through. This does not only guarantee you clean smoke but it also guarantees you protection from harmful substances.
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